By Kathryn A. Miller
Muslim enclaves inside non-Islamic polities are usually believed to were beleaguered groups present process relentless cultural and non secular decline. bring to an end from the Islamic global, those Muslim teams, it's assumed, passively yielded to political, social, and fiscal forces of assimilation and acculturation ahead of ultimately accepting Christian dogma.
Kathryn A. Miller considerably reconceptualizes what she calls the exclave adventure of medieval Muslim minorities. through concentrating on the criminal students ( faqihs) of fifteenth-century Aragonese Muslim groups and translating little-known and newly found texts, she reveals a sustained attempt to connect to Muslim coreligionaries and protect perform and trust within the face of Christian affects. dedicated to securing and disseminating Islamic wisdom, those neighborhood professionals intervened in Christian courts on behalf of Muslims, supplied Arabic translations, and taught and suggested different Muslims. Miller follows the actions of the faqihs, their discussion with Islamic experts in within sight Muslim polities, their engagement with Islamic texts, and their pursuit of conventional beliefs of religion. She demonstrates that those neighborhood students performed a severe position as cultural mediators, growing scholarly networks and communal unity regardless of residing in an atmosphere ruled through Christianity.
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Guardians of Islam: Religious Authority and Muslim Communities of Late Medieval Spain by Kathryn A. Miller