By Paul Bamford
By determining to pay attention upon learning what wooded area assets have been on hand to the French army through the ancien régime and what use it was once capable of make of them, Mr. Bamford has not just supplied the 1st monograph on that topic within the English language, yet has long gone a ways towards explaining why France was once the loser within the lengthy duel with England for the keep an eye on of trade and the extension of empire.
Two years of analysis within the information Nationales and within the information de l. a. Marine in Paris, Toulon, and Rochefort enabled him to attract on modern resources of knowledge of which little, if any, use has been made ahead of, and a different yr of analysis within the libraries of recent York urban, relatively within the wealthy Proudfit Naval assortment, additionally yielded new fabric. it really is Mr. Bamford's fulfillment to have dealt with this immense shop of basic assets with such ability and judgement that the reader, by way of turning over letters from disgruntled wooded area owners, studies from stressed maîtres at the trickery and recalcitrance of the peasants, directions from the head echelon of the army to inspectors within the forests, and a range accounts, receipts, and memoranda, is given first and foremost hand an appreciation of the problems confronted by way of the military in attempting to receive trees and masts of the alternative caliber required for construction ships-of-the-line. The military needed to compete with the service provider marine and with business and personal clients of gasoline for provides that have been constantly being depleted by means of mismanagement and through the conversion of forests to arable land. Measures, superficially admirable, for protecting the forests are chanced on on nearer exam to be right away over-precise and never adequately enforced. delivery, even in a rustic so abundantly provided with navigable rivers as France, used to be dear and difficult.
Not merely historians, yet students within the box of forestry, economics, geography, agriculture, and shipping will locate this ebook illuminating.
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Forests and French Sea Power: 1660-1789 (Heritage) by Paul Bamford