By Victoria Frede
The autocratic rule of either tsar and church in imperial Russia gave upward thrust not just to a innovative circulation within the 19th century but additionally to a problem of that means between participants of the intelligentsia. own religion grew to become the topic of excessive scrutiny as contributors debated the life of God and the immortality of the soul, debates mirrored within the best-known novels of the day. Friendships have been shaped and damaged in exchanges over the prestige of the everlasting. The salvation of the total kingdom, not only of every person, appeared to depend upon the solutions to questions on belief.
Victoria Frede appears at how and why atheism took on such significance between numerous generations of Russian intellectuals from the 1820s to the 1860s, drawing on meticulous and vast study of either released and archival files, together with letters, poetry, philosophical tracts, police documents, fiction, and literary feedback. She argues that younger Russians have been much less considering theology and the Bible than they have been in regards to the ethical, political, and social prestige of the person individual. They sought to keep up their integrity opposed to the pressures exerted by means of an autocratic nation and rigidly hierarchical society. As participants sought to form their very own destinies and looked for truths that might supply aspiring to their lives, they got here to question the legitimacy either one of the tsar and of Russia’s optimum authority, God.
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Doubt, Atheism, and the Nineteenth-Century Russian Intelligentsia by Victoria Frede