Download e-book for kindle: How Russia Really Works: The Informal Practices That Shaped by Alena V. Ledeneva

By Alena V. Ledeneva

During the Soviet period, blat—the use of private networks for acquiring items and prone briefly provide and for circumventing formal procedures—was essential to make amends for the inefficiencies of socialism. The cave in of the Soviet Union produced a brand new iteration of casual practices. In How Russia rather Works, Alena V. Ledeneva explores practices in politics, enterprise, media, and the felony sphere in Russia within the 1990s—from the hiring of agencies to create damaging exposure approximately one's rivals, to inventing novel schemes of tax evasion and fascinating in "alternative" concepts of agreement and legislations enforcement.

Ledeneva discovers ingenuity, wit, and power in those actions and argues that they at the same time aid and subvert formal associations. they permit firms, the media, politicians, and businessmen to function within the post-Soviet labyrinth of criminal and useful constraints yet always undermine the spirit, if no longer the letter, of the legislation. The "know-how" Ledeneva describes during this e-book keeps to function at the present time and is important to knowing modern Russia.

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By Alena V. Ledeneva

During the Soviet period, blat—the use of private networks for acquiring items and prone briefly provide and for circumventing formal procedures—was essential to make amends for the inefficiencies of socialism. The cave in of the Soviet Union produced a brand new iteration of casual practices. In How Russia rather Works, Alena V. Ledeneva explores practices in politics, enterprise, media, and the felony sphere in Russia within the 1990s—from the hiring of agencies to create damaging exposure approximately one's rivals, to inventing novel schemes of tax evasion and fascinating in "alternative" concepts of agreement and legislations enforcement.

Ledeneva discovers ingenuity, wit, and power in those actions and argues that they at the same time aid and subvert formal associations. they permit firms, the media, politicians, and businessmen to function within the post-Soviet labyrinth of criminal and useful constraints yet always undermine the spirit, if no longer the letter, of the legislation. The "know-how" Ledeneva describes during this e-book keeps to function at the present time and is important to knowing modern Russia.

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Ogni cosa a suo tempo: Storia della mia vita (I nodi) by Michail Gorbacëv,N. Cigognini,F. Gori,Nadia PDF

By Michail Gorbacëv,N. Cigognini,F. Gori,Nadia Cigognini,Francesca Gori

All'indomani della morte della moglie Raisa, Michail Gorbacëv come to a decision di scrivere un libro. Non sarà un libro di memorie, né un romanzo e neppure una cronaca storica. Nelle parole dell’autore: «è il racconto della nostra vita».

In questa autobiografia, che dall'infanzia nel cuore del Caucaso lo vede giungere ai vertici della politica mondiale, fino alle dimissioni nel 1991 e alla dissoluzione dell’Unione Sovietica, Gorbacëv ripercorre con onestà e schiettezza los angeles propria vita. Insieme alle vicende deepest vi si ritrovano gli avvenimenti, i protagonisti e le svolte epocali che ne hanno segnato l. a. carriera, a cui si accompagnano insolite riflessioni sulla politica e il ruolo del destino, rivelando tutte le difficoltà e gli errori di un uomo alla prova della storia.
Alla positive di questo percorso non si può non concordare sul giudizio che del libro dà lo stesso Gorbacëv: «In un certo senso è una sorta di risposta alla domanda su come abbiano potuto prodursi certe situazioni; le quali, alla fantastic, sono risultate determinanti consistent with il mio destino politico».

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By Michail Gorbacëv,N. Cigognini,F. Gori,Nadia Cigognini,Francesca Gori

All'indomani della morte della moglie Raisa, Michail Gorbacëv come to a decision di scrivere un libro. Non sarà un libro di memorie, né un romanzo e neppure una cronaca storica. Nelle parole dell’autore: «è il racconto della nostra vita».

In questa autobiografia, che dall'infanzia nel cuore del Caucaso lo vede giungere ai vertici della politica mondiale, fino alle dimissioni nel 1991 e alla dissoluzione dell’Unione Sovietica, Gorbacëv ripercorre con onestà e schiettezza los angeles propria vita. Insieme alle vicende deepest vi si ritrovano gli avvenimenti, i protagonisti e le svolte epocali che ne hanno segnato l. a. carriera, a cui si accompagnano insolite riflessioni sulla politica e il ruolo del destino, rivelando tutte le difficoltà e gli errori di un uomo alla prova della storia.
Alla positive di questo percorso non si può non concordare sul giudizio che del libro dà lo stesso Gorbacëv: «In un certo senso è una sorta di risposta alla domanda su come abbiano potuto prodursi certe situazioni; le quali, alla fantastic, sono risultate determinanti consistent with il mio destino politico».

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Download e-book for kindle: Soviet Jewry in the 1980s: The Politics of Anti-Semitism and by Robert O. Freedman

By Robert O. Freedman

Contributors. Stephen Feinstein, Robert O. Freedman, Theodore H. Friedgut, Zvi Gitelman, Marshall I. Goldman, Sidney Heitman, William Korey, Howard Spier

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By Robert O. Freedman

Contributors. Stephen Feinstein, Robert O. Freedman, Theodore H. Friedgut, Zvi Gitelman, Marshall I. Goldman, Sidney Heitman, William Korey, Howard Spier

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Download e-book for kindle: Russia's Sputnik Generation: Soviet Baby Boomers Talk about by Donald J Raleigh

By Donald J Raleigh

Russia's Sputnik iteration offers the existence tales of 8 1967 graduates of faculty No. forty two within the Russian urban of Saratov. Born in 1949/50, those 4 males and 4 girls belong to the 1st new release conceived in the course of the Soviet Union's go back to ""normality"" following global warfare II. good trained, articulate, and loosely networked even this present day, they have been first-graders the 12 months the USSR introduced Sputnik, and grew up in a rustic that more and more distanced itself from the excesses of Stalinism. achieving heart age in the course of the Gorbachev Revolution, they negotiated the transition to a Russian-style industry economic climate and stay energetic, efficient participants of society in Russia and the diaspora.

In candid interviews with Donald J. Raleigh, those Soviet ""baby boomers"" speak about the old occasions within which they grew up, but additionally approximately their daily reviews -- their kin backgrounds; adolescence hobbies; favourite books, video clips, and song; and influential humans of their lives. those own tales shed precious mild on Soviet formative years and youth, at the purposes and process perestroika, and at the wrenching transition that has taken position because the cave in of the Soviet Union in 1991.

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By Donald J Raleigh

Russia's Sputnik iteration offers the existence tales of 8 1967 graduates of faculty No. forty two within the Russian urban of Saratov. Born in 1949/50, those 4 males and 4 girls belong to the 1st new release conceived in the course of the Soviet Union's go back to ""normality"" following global warfare II. good trained, articulate, and loosely networked even this present day, they have been first-graders the 12 months the USSR introduced Sputnik, and grew up in a rustic that more and more distanced itself from the excesses of Stalinism. achieving heart age in the course of the Gorbachev Revolution, they negotiated the transition to a Russian-style industry economic climate and stay energetic, efficient participants of society in Russia and the diaspora.

In candid interviews with Donald J. Raleigh, those Soviet ""baby boomers"" speak about the old occasions within which they grew up, but additionally approximately their daily reviews -- their kin backgrounds; adolescence hobbies; favourite books, video clips, and song; and influential humans of their lives. those own tales shed precious mild on Soviet formative years and youth, at the purposes and process perestroika, and at the wrenching transition that has taken position because the cave in of the Soviet Union in 1991.

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Download e-book for kindle: Post-communist Nostalgia by Maria Todorova,Zsuzsa Gille

By Maria Todorova,Zsuzsa Gille

Although the tip of the chilly battle used to be greeted with nice enthusiasm by way of humans within the East and the West, the resultant social and particularly fiscal adjustments didn't continuously bring about the hoped-for advancements in people's lives. This ended in frequent disillusionment that may be saw at the present time all throughout jap Europe. now not easily a eager for defense, balance, and prosperity, this nostalgia is usually a feeling of loss relating to a selected kind of sociability. Even a few of those that adversarial communism convey a wish to make investments their new lives with renewed that means and dignity. one of the more youthful iteration, it surfaces as a tentative but turning out to be interest concerning the fresh previous. during this quantity students from a number of disciplines discover many of the interesting elements of this nostalgic flip through reading the effect of generational clusters, the rural-urban divide, gender modifications, and political orientation. They argue persuasively that this nostalgia shouldn't be noticeable as a desire to repair the previous, because it has another way been understood, yet in its place it's going to be famous as a part of a extra complicated therapeutic strategy and an try to come to phrases either with the communist period in addition to the recent inequalities of the post-communist era.

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By Maria Todorova,Zsuzsa Gille

Although the tip of the chilly battle used to be greeted with nice enthusiasm by way of humans within the East and the West, the resultant social and particularly fiscal adjustments didn't continuously bring about the hoped-for advancements in people's lives. This ended in frequent disillusionment that may be saw at the present time all throughout jap Europe. now not easily a eager for defense, balance, and prosperity, this nostalgia is usually a feeling of loss relating to a selected kind of sociability. Even a few of those that adversarial communism convey a wish to make investments their new lives with renewed that means and dignity. one of the more youthful iteration, it surfaces as a tentative but turning out to be interest concerning the fresh previous. during this quantity students from a number of disciplines discover many of the interesting elements of this nostalgic flip through reading the effect of generational clusters, the rural-urban divide, gender modifications, and political orientation. They argue persuasively that this nostalgia shouldn't be noticeable as a desire to repair the previous, because it has another way been understood, yet in its place it's going to be famous as a part of a extra complicated therapeutic strategy and an try to come to phrases either with the communist period in addition to the recent inequalities of the post-communist era.

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Screening Soviet Nationalities: Kulturfilms from the Far by Oksana Sarkisova PDF

By Oksana Sarkisova

Filmmakers within the early many years of the Soviet Union sought to create a cinematic map of the hot country via portraying its land and peoples on reveal. Such movies created blueprints of the Soviet domain’s scenic, cultural and ethnographic perimeters and taken jointly – in lots of methods disparate – international locations below one umbrella. categorized as kulturfilms, they served as experimental grounds for constructing the cinematic formulae of a multiethnic, multinational Soviet identity.

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By Oksana Sarkisova

Filmmakers within the early many years of the Soviet Union sought to create a cinematic map of the hot country via portraying its land and peoples on reveal. Such movies created blueprints of the Soviet domain’s scenic, cultural and ethnographic perimeters and taken jointly – in lots of methods disparate – international locations below one umbrella. categorized as kulturfilms, they served as experimental grounds for constructing the cinematic formulae of a multiethnic, multinational Soviet identity.

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Strategy and Power in Russia 1600-1914 - download pdf or read online

By William C. Fuller

“A pioneering attempt to track the evolution of army energy and army technique of tsarist Russia in the course of the rule of the Romanov dynasty.” —Richard Pipes, Baird Professor of historical past, Harvard University

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By William C. Fuller

“A pioneering attempt to track the evolution of army energy and army technique of tsarist Russia in the course of the rule of the Romanov dynasty.” —Richard Pipes, Baird Professor of historical past, Harvard University

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Download e-book for kindle: Night Witches. Soviet Airwomen of the Great Patriotic War by Gian Piero Milanetti

By Gian Piero Milanetti

evening witches soviet airwomen ibn aviolibri aeronautica aviation struggle milanetti streghe notte

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By Gian Piero Milanetti

evening witches soviet airwomen ibn aviolibri aeronautica aviation struggle milanetti streghe notte

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Read e-book online Les conflits gelés de l'espace postsoviétique: Genèse et PDF

By Follebouckt Xavier

Il y a vingt ans, l’Union soviétique s’effondrait dans un climat étonnamment pacifique au regard du déchaînement potentiel. Néanmoins, si los angeles scenario semble reliable à l’échelle régionale, au sein de certains États l’implosion soviétique a laissé des lines sanglantes. Le Nagorno-Karabakh, l’Ossétie du Sud, l’Abkhazie et los angeles Transnistrie, autonomes avant 1991, se sont proclamés indépendants. Ils sont entrés en guerre pour libérer leurs territoires respectifs de l. a. tutelle de l’Azerbaïdjan, de los angeles Géorgie et de l. a. Moldavie. Lorsque les tirs cessent, les séparatistes s’imposent en vainqueurs sans toutefois obtenir de reconnaissance internationale. Vingt ans plus tard, le tableau n’a guère changé : les combats des années 1991-1993 ont laissé l. a. position à une state of affairs de « ni guerre, ni paix ». remark ces conflits ont-ils éclaté ? Pourquoi perdurent-ils ? Quelles sont les recommendations possibles ? Tels sont les enjeux que posent encore aujourd’hui les conflits gelés de l’espace postsoviétique. Cet ouvrage consacré à l’origine et à l’évolution des conflits gelés de l’ex-URSS a des visées pédagogiques. Il est destiné aux étudiants en family internationales, mais aussi aux chercheurs portés sur l’étude de conflits et, au-delà, à tous les lecteurs intéressés par le monde postsoviétique.

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By Follebouckt Xavier

Il y a vingt ans, l’Union soviétique s’effondrait dans un climat étonnamment pacifique au regard du déchaînement potentiel. Néanmoins, si los angeles scenario semble reliable à l’échelle régionale, au sein de certains États l’implosion soviétique a laissé des lines sanglantes. Le Nagorno-Karabakh, l’Ossétie du Sud, l’Abkhazie et los angeles Transnistrie, autonomes avant 1991, se sont proclamés indépendants. Ils sont entrés en guerre pour libérer leurs territoires respectifs de l. a. tutelle de l’Azerbaïdjan, de los angeles Géorgie et de l. a. Moldavie. Lorsque les tirs cessent, les séparatistes s’imposent en vainqueurs sans toutefois obtenir de reconnaissance internationale. Vingt ans plus tard, le tableau n’a guère changé : les combats des années 1991-1993 ont laissé l. a. position à une state of affairs de « ni guerre, ni paix ». remark ces conflits ont-ils éclaté ? Pourquoi perdurent-ils ? Quelles sont les recommendations possibles ? Tels sont les enjeux que posent encore aujourd’hui les conflits gelés de l’espace postsoviétique. Cet ouvrage consacré à l’origine et à l’évolution des conflits gelés de l’ex-URSS a des visées pédagogiques. Il est destiné aux étudiants en family internationales, mais aussi aux chercheurs portés sur l’étude de conflits et, au-delà, à tous les lecteurs intéressés par le monde postsoviétique.

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Get Russia's Unfinished Revolution: Political Change from PDF

By Michael McFaul

for hundreds of years, dictators governed Russia. Tsars and Communist celebration chiefs have been dependable for thus lengthy a few analysts claimed Russians had a cultural predisposition for authoritarian leaders. but, due to reforms initiated by means of Mikhail Gorbachev, new political associations have emerged that now require election of political leaders and rule by means of constitutional tactics. Michael McFaul—described via the New York Times as "one of the major Russia specialists within the United States"—traces Russia's tumultuous political heritage from Gorbachev's upward push to strength in 1985 in the course of the 1999 resignation of Boris Yeltsin in want of Vladimir Putin.

McFaul divides his account of the post-Soviet state into 3 sessions: the Gorbachev period (1985-1991), the 1st Russian Republic (1991–1993), and the second one Russian Republic (1993–present). the 1st have been, he believes, failures—failed institutional emergence or failed transitions to democracy. in contrast, new democratic associations did emerge within the 3rd period, even though no longer the associations of a liberal democracy. McFaul contends that any reason for Russia's successes in transferring to democracy also needs to account for its disasters. The Russian/Soviet case, he says, finds the significance of forging social pacts; the efforts of Russian elites to shape alliances failed, resulting in violent confrontations and a prolonged transition from communism to democracy.

McFaul spent loads of time in Moscow within the Nineties and witnessed firsthand some of the occasions he describes. This event, mixed with common visits due to the fact and unheard of entry to senior Russian policymakers and politicians, has ended in an astonishingly well-informed account. Russia's Unfinished Revolution is a finished background of Russia in this the most important period.

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By Michael McFaul

for hundreds of years, dictators governed Russia. Tsars and Communist celebration chiefs have been dependable for thus lengthy a few analysts claimed Russians had a cultural predisposition for authoritarian leaders. but, due to reforms initiated by means of Mikhail Gorbachev, new political associations have emerged that now require election of political leaders and rule by means of constitutional tactics. Michael McFaul—described via the New York Times as "one of the major Russia specialists within the United States"—traces Russia's tumultuous political heritage from Gorbachev's upward push to strength in 1985 in the course of the 1999 resignation of Boris Yeltsin in want of Vladimir Putin.

McFaul divides his account of the post-Soviet state into 3 sessions: the Gorbachev period (1985-1991), the 1st Russian Republic (1991–1993), and the second one Russian Republic (1993–present). the 1st have been, he believes, failures—failed institutional emergence or failed transitions to democracy. in contrast, new democratic associations did emerge within the 3rd period, even though no longer the associations of a liberal democracy. McFaul contends that any reason for Russia's successes in transferring to democracy also needs to account for its disasters. The Russian/Soviet case, he says, finds the significance of forging social pacts; the efforts of Russian elites to shape alliances failed, resulting in violent confrontations and a prolonged transition from communism to democracy.

McFaul spent loads of time in Moscow within the Nineties and witnessed firsthand some of the occasions he describes. This event, mixed with common visits due to the fact and unheard of entry to senior Russian policymakers and politicians, has ended in an astonishingly well-informed account. Russia's Unfinished Revolution is a finished background of Russia in this the most important period.

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