Max Eastman's Marx, Lenin and the Science of Revolution: Volume 1 PDF

By Max Eastman

The results of 10 years' worthy of painstaking learn, this quantity, initially released in 1926 is a sympathetic critique of sure levels of innovative dictatorship in Russia. between different issues it focusses at the philosophy and psychology of Marxism, Marxian economics, Bolshevism, the philosophy of Lenin and his position as an engineer of revolution, the Mensheviks, and the anarchist contribution.

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By Max Eastman

The results of 10 years' worthy of painstaking learn, this quantity, initially released in 1926 is a sympathetic critique of sure levels of innovative dictatorship in Russia. between different issues it focusses at the philosophy and psychology of Marxism, Marxian economics, Bolshevism, the philosophy of Lenin and his position as an engineer of revolution, the Mensheviks, and the anarchist contribution.

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Jewish Philanthropy and Enlightenment in Late-Tsarist Russia by Brian J. Horowitz PDF

By Brian J. Horowitz

The Society for the merchandising of Enlightenment one of the Jews of Russia (OPE) used to be a philanthropic association, the oldest Jewish association in Russia. based through a couple of filthy rich Jews in St. Petersburg who desired to enhance possibilities for Jewish humans in Russia by means of expanding their entry to schooling and sleek values, OPE used to be secular and nonprofit. the gang emphasised the significance of the team spirit of Jewish tradition to aid Jews combine themselves into Russian society via establishing, assisting, and subsidizing colleges during the country.

While attaining out to Jews throughout Russia, OPE encountered competition on all fronts. It was once hobbled by means of the paperwork and infrequently outright hostility of the Russian govt, which imposed strict laws on all elements of Jewish lives. The OPE used to be additionally restricted via the various disparate voices in the Jewish group itself. Debates concerning the most sensible form of faculties (secular or spiritual, co-educational or single-sex, conventional or "modern") have been consistent. Even the alternative of language for the colleges was once hotly debated.

Jewish Philanthropy and Enlightenment in Late-Tsarist Russia bargains a version of people and associations being affected by the fear so imperative to modern Jews in the USA and world wide: easy methods to keep a robust Jewish identification, whereas absolutely integrating into glossy society.

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By Brian J. Horowitz

The Society for the merchandising of Enlightenment one of the Jews of Russia (OPE) used to be a philanthropic association, the oldest Jewish association in Russia. based through a couple of filthy rich Jews in St. Petersburg who desired to enhance possibilities for Jewish humans in Russia by means of expanding their entry to schooling and sleek values, OPE used to be secular and nonprofit. the gang emphasised the significance of the team spirit of Jewish tradition to aid Jews combine themselves into Russian society via establishing, assisting, and subsidizing colleges during the country.

While attaining out to Jews throughout Russia, OPE encountered competition on all fronts. It was once hobbled by means of the paperwork and infrequently outright hostility of the Russian govt, which imposed strict laws on all elements of Jewish lives. The OPE used to be additionally restricted via the various disparate voices in the Jewish group itself. Debates concerning the most sensible form of faculties (secular or spiritual, co-educational or single-sex, conventional or "modern") have been consistent. Even the alternative of language for the colleges was once hotly debated.

Jewish Philanthropy and Enlightenment in Late-Tsarist Russia bargains a version of people and associations being affected by the fear so imperative to modern Jews in the USA and world wide: easy methods to keep a robust Jewish identification, whereas absolutely integrating into glossy society.

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Get Imagining America: Influence and Images in Twentieth-Century PDF

By Alan M. Ball

In Imagining the USA, historian Alan M. Ball explores American impression in baby Russian states: the younger Soviet Union and the fashionable Russian Republic. Ball deftly illustrates how in each one period Russians have approached the U.S. with a conflicting mixture of ideas—as a land to respect from afar, to shun in any respect charges, to emulate as fast as attainable, or to surpass so one can a superb society. Drawing on a wide selection of assets together with modern journals, newspapers, motion pictures, and renowned songs, Ball strains the moving Russian perceptions of yank cultural, social, and political existence. As he sincerely demonstrates, all through their heritage Russian imaginations featured a usa that political figures and intellectuals could embody, make the most, or assault, yet couldn't ignore.

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By Alan M. Ball

In Imagining the USA, historian Alan M. Ball explores American impression in baby Russian states: the younger Soviet Union and the fashionable Russian Republic. Ball deftly illustrates how in each one period Russians have approached the U.S. with a conflicting mixture of ideas—as a land to respect from afar, to shun in any respect charges, to emulate as fast as attainable, or to surpass so one can a superb society. Drawing on a wide selection of assets together with modern journals, newspapers, motion pictures, and renowned songs, Ball strains the moving Russian perceptions of yank cultural, social, and political existence. As he sincerely demonstrates, all through their heritage Russian imaginations featured a usa that political figures and intellectuals could embody, make the most, or assault, yet couldn't ignore.

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Download e-book for iPad: Orthodox Russia in Crisis: Church and Nation in the Time of by Isaiah Gruber

By Isaiah Gruber

A pivotal interval in Russian historical past, the Time of problems within the early 17th century has taken on new resonance within the country’s post-Soviet look for new nationwide narratives. The ancient function of the Orthodox Church has emerged as a key subject in modern remembrances of this time—but what accurately was once that role?

The first accomplished examine of the Church throughout the problems, Orthodox Russia in Crisis reconstructs this tumultuous time, providing new interpretations of prevalent episodes whereas delving deep into the data to discover a miles fuller photograph of the period. reading those assets, Isaiah Gruber argues that the company task of monasteries performed an important function within the origins and process the worries and that common alterations in strength pressured Church ideologues to innovate politically, for instance inventing new justifications for energy to be granted to the folk and to royal girls. those new principles, Gruber contends, finally helped lead to a brand new age in Russian religious lifestyles and a crystallization of the nationwide mentality.

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By Isaiah Gruber

A pivotal interval in Russian historical past, the Time of problems within the early 17th century has taken on new resonance within the country’s post-Soviet look for new nationwide narratives. The ancient function of the Orthodox Church has emerged as a key subject in modern remembrances of this time—but what accurately was once that role?

The first accomplished examine of the Church throughout the problems, Orthodox Russia in Crisis reconstructs this tumultuous time, providing new interpretations of prevalent episodes whereas delving deep into the data to discover a miles fuller photograph of the period. reading those assets, Isaiah Gruber argues that the company task of monasteries performed an important function within the origins and process the worries and that common alterations in strength pressured Church ideologues to innovate politically, for instance inventing new justifications for energy to be granted to the folk and to royal girls. those new principles, Gruber contends, finally helped lead to a brand new age in Russian religious lifestyles and a crystallization of the nationwide mentality.

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Robert G. Moeller's War Stories: The Search for a Usable Past in the Federal PDF

By Robert G. Moeller

Robert G. Moeller powerfully conveys the complex tale of ways West Germans recast the new previous after the second one international struggle. He rejects previous characterizations of a postwar West Germany ruled by means of attitudes of "forgetting" or silence concerning the Nazi earlier. He as a substitute demonstrates the "selective remembering" that came about between West Germans in the course of the postwar years: particularly, they remembered crimes dedicated opposed to Germans, crimes that—according to a few modern accounts—were resembling the crimes of Germans opposed to Jews. Moeller attracts on a variety of U.S. and German govt records, political debates, movie records, letters, oral histories, and newspaper accounts.

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By Robert G. Moeller

Robert G. Moeller powerfully conveys the complex tale of ways West Germans recast the new previous after the second one international struggle. He rejects previous characterizations of a postwar West Germany ruled by means of attitudes of "forgetting" or silence concerning the Nazi earlier. He as a substitute demonstrates the "selective remembering" that came about between West Germans in the course of the postwar years: particularly, they remembered crimes dedicated opposed to Germans, crimes that—according to a few modern accounts—were resembling the crimes of Germans opposed to Jews. Moeller attracts on a variety of U.S. and German govt records, political debates, movie records, letters, oral histories, and newspaper accounts.

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Download e-book for iPad: Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier 1150–1500 by Alan V. Murray

By Alan V. Murray

This quantity represents an important contribution to the historical past of the Northern Crusades and the Christianization of the Baltic lands within the heart a long time, from the beginnings of the Catholic undertaking to the time of the Reformation. the themes handled diversity from discussions of the ideology and perform of campaign and conversion, via experiences of the incentive of the crusading nations (Denmark, Sweden and Germany) and the consequences of the crusades at the nations of the jap Baltic coast (Finland, Estonia, Livonia, Prussia and Lithuania), to analyses of the literature and historiography of the campaign. It brings jointly essays from either proven and more youthful students from the western culture with these from the trendy Baltic nations and Russia, and provides in English many of the culmination of the 1st decade of ancient scholarship and discussion after the cave in of the Iron Curtain. The intensity of therapy, variety of techniques, and accompanying bibliography of courses make this assortment a massive source for the instructing of the Baltic Crusades.

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By Alan V. Murray

This quantity represents an important contribution to the historical past of the Northern Crusades and the Christianization of the Baltic lands within the heart a long time, from the beginnings of the Catholic undertaking to the time of the Reformation. the themes handled diversity from discussions of the ideology and perform of campaign and conversion, via experiences of the incentive of the crusading nations (Denmark, Sweden and Germany) and the consequences of the crusades at the nations of the jap Baltic coast (Finland, Estonia, Livonia, Prussia and Lithuania), to analyses of the literature and historiography of the campaign. It brings jointly essays from either proven and more youthful students from the western culture with these from the trendy Baltic nations and Russia, and provides in English many of the culmination of the 1st decade of ancient scholarship and discussion after the cave in of the Iron Curtain. The intensity of therapy, variety of techniques, and accompanying bibliography of courses make this assortment a massive source for the instructing of the Baltic Crusades.

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Download PDF by Robert Service: The End of the Cold War: 1985 - 1991

By Robert Service

The chilly warfare had looked like an enduring fixture in international politics, and until eventually its denouement, no Western or Soviet flesh presser foresaw that the stand-off among the 2 superpowers - after many years of fight over each element of defense, politics, economics and concepts - could result in their lifetimes. Even after March 1985 while Mikhail Gorbachëv turned the chief of the Soviet Union it was once no longer preordained that worldwide nuclear Armageddon may possibly or will be prevented peaceably.

But simply 4 years later, the Berlin Wall was once dismantled and perestroika unfold in the course of the former Soviet bloc. It was once a sea swap in international heritage, which led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Drawing on pioneering archival learn, Robert Service's gripping new research of the ultimate years of the chilly warfare pinpoints the brilliant relationships between President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachëv, Secretary of kingdom George Shultz and the USSR's final international Affairs Minister, Eduard Shevardnadze, who came across how to cooperate during periods of outstanding swap all over the world. the tale is of yank strain and Soviet long term decline and over-stretch. the tip of the chilly conflict exhibits how that small, skillful workforce of statesmen have been decided to finish the chilly struggle on their watch. within the approach, they irreversibly remodeled the worldwide geopolitical landscape.

Authoritative, compelling and meticulously researched, this is often political historical past at its best.

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By Robert Service

The chilly warfare had looked like an enduring fixture in international politics, and until eventually its denouement, no Western or Soviet flesh presser foresaw that the stand-off among the 2 superpowers - after many years of fight over each element of defense, politics, economics and concepts - could result in their lifetimes. Even after March 1985 while Mikhail Gorbachëv turned the chief of the Soviet Union it was once no longer preordained that worldwide nuclear Armageddon may possibly or will be prevented peaceably.

But simply 4 years later, the Berlin Wall was once dismantled and perestroika unfold in the course of the former Soviet bloc. It was once a sea swap in international heritage, which led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Drawing on pioneering archival learn, Robert Service's gripping new research of the ultimate years of the chilly warfare pinpoints the brilliant relationships between President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachëv, Secretary of kingdom George Shultz and the USSR's final international Affairs Minister, Eduard Shevardnadze, who came across how to cooperate during periods of outstanding swap all over the world. the tale is of yank strain and Soviet long term decline and over-stretch. the tip of the chilly conflict exhibits how that small, skillful workforce of statesmen have been decided to finish the chilly struggle on their watch. within the approach, they irreversibly remodeled the worldwide geopolitical landscape.

Authoritative, compelling and meticulously researched, this is often political historical past at its best.

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Get In Marx's Shadow: Knowledge, Power, and Intellectuals in PDF

By BRADATAN/OUSHAKINE,Clemena Antonova,Aurelian Craiutu,Mikhail Epstein,Elena Gapova,Letitia Guran,Ivars Ijabs,Natasa Kovacevic,Jeffrey Murer,Veronika Tuckerova,Vladimir Tismaneanu,Maria Todorova

regardless of its key function within the highbrow shaping of country socialism, Communist rules are usually brushed off as mere propaganda or as a rhetorical workout aimed toward advancing socialist intellectuals on their method to strength. by means of drawing cognizance to unknown and unexplored parts, traits and methods of pondering less than socialism, the amount examines jap Europe and Russian histories of highbrow hobbies encouraged - negatively in addition to certainly - through Communist arguments and dogmas. via an interdisciplinary discussion, the gathering demonstrates how a number of our bodies of theoretical wisdom (philosophical, social, political, aesthetic, even theological) have been used not just to justify dominant political opinions, but additionally to border oppositional and nonofficial discourses and practices. The exam of the underlying constructions of Communism as an highbrow venture presents convincing proof for wondering a dominant technique that in many instances frames the post-Communist highbrow improvement as a 'revival' or, at the very least, as a 'return' of the repressed highbrow traditions. because the ebook indicates, the good judgment of a thorough holiday, steered via this technique, is in contradiction with old facts: an important variety of philosophical, theoretical and ideological debates in post-Communist international are actually the logical continuation of highbrow conversations and confrontations initiated lengthy sooner than 1989.

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By BRADATAN/OUSHAKINE,Clemena Antonova,Aurelian Craiutu,Mikhail Epstein,Elena Gapova,Letitia Guran,Ivars Ijabs,Natasa Kovacevic,Jeffrey Murer,Veronika Tuckerova,Vladimir Tismaneanu,Maria Todorova

regardless of its key function within the highbrow shaping of country socialism, Communist rules are usually brushed off as mere propaganda or as a rhetorical workout aimed toward advancing socialist intellectuals on their method to strength. by means of drawing cognizance to unknown and unexplored parts, traits and methods of pondering less than socialism, the amount examines jap Europe and Russian histories of highbrow hobbies encouraged - negatively in addition to certainly - through Communist arguments and dogmas. via an interdisciplinary discussion, the gathering demonstrates how a number of our bodies of theoretical wisdom (philosophical, social, political, aesthetic, even theological) have been used not just to justify dominant political opinions, but additionally to border oppositional and nonofficial discourses and practices. The exam of the underlying constructions of Communism as an highbrow venture presents convincing proof for wondering a dominant technique that in many instances frames the post-Communist highbrow improvement as a 'revival' or, at the very least, as a 'return' of the repressed highbrow traditions. because the ebook indicates, the good judgment of a thorough holiday, steered via this technique, is in contradiction with old facts: an important variety of philosophical, theoretical and ideological debates in post-Communist international are actually the logical continuation of highbrow conversations and confrontations initiated lengthy sooner than 1989.

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Antony C. Sutton,Olivier Goulon's Wall Street et la Révolution bolchevique (French Edition) PDF

By Antony C. Sutton,Olivier Goulon

Pourquoi Trotski, alias Bronstein, voyagea-t-il avec un passeport officiel américain lorsqu'il retourna en Russie en 1917 rejoindre Lénine pour l. a. révolution ? Pourquoi los angeles venture américaine de l. a. Croix-Rouge en Russie, en 1917, comportait-elle plus d'hommes d'affaires que de médecins ?

Au fil d'une enquête magistrale, qui se lit en partie comme un roman d'espionnage, Antony Sutton établit des liens historiques tangibles entre capitalistes américains et communistes russes. Tirant ses informations de l'examen de dossiers du Département d'État américain, des documents personnelles de personnages clés de Wall road, de biographies, d'articles de presse et de livres d'historiens classiques, Sutton nous révèle: le rôle que jouèrent les dirigeants des banques du groupe Morgan dans l'acheminement illégal d'or bolchevique vers les États-Unis; le détournement de l. a. project de los angeles Croix-Rouge américaine en Russie par les puissants de Wall highway; l'intervention de Wall highway pour obtenir los angeles remise en liberté de Léon Trotski, le révolutionnaire dont l'objectif était de renverser le gouvernement russe; les accords passés par de grandes entreprises américaines afin de capter l'énorme marché russe, quinze ans avant l. a. reconnaissance officielle du gouvernement soviétique par les États-Unis.

Le soutien au communisme, actif mais mystery, par des hommes d'affaires de most advantageous plan, lesquels se faisaient publiquement les champions de los angeles libre entreprise démontre s'il le fallait que l. a. seule idéologie qui prévaut est l'enrichissement à tout prix.

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By Antony C. Sutton,Olivier Goulon

Pourquoi Trotski, alias Bronstein, voyagea-t-il avec un passeport officiel américain lorsqu'il retourna en Russie en 1917 rejoindre Lénine pour l. a. révolution ? Pourquoi los angeles venture américaine de l. a. Croix-Rouge en Russie, en 1917, comportait-elle plus d'hommes d'affaires que de médecins ?

Au fil d'une enquête magistrale, qui se lit en partie comme un roman d'espionnage, Antony Sutton établit des liens historiques tangibles entre capitalistes américains et communistes russes. Tirant ses informations de l'examen de dossiers du Département d'État américain, des documents personnelles de personnages clés de Wall road, de biographies, d'articles de presse et de livres d'historiens classiques, Sutton nous révèle: le rôle que jouèrent les dirigeants des banques du groupe Morgan dans l'acheminement illégal d'or bolchevique vers les États-Unis; le détournement de l. a. project de los angeles Croix-Rouge américaine en Russie par les puissants de Wall highway; l'intervention de Wall highway pour obtenir los angeles remise en liberté de Léon Trotski, le révolutionnaire dont l'objectif était de renverser le gouvernement russe; les accords passés par de grandes entreprises américaines afin de capter l'énorme marché russe, quinze ans avant l. a. reconnaissance officielle du gouvernement soviétique par les États-Unis.

Le soutien au communisme, actif mais mystery, par des hommes d'affaires de most advantageous plan, lesquels se faisaient publiquement les champions de los angeles libre entreprise démontre s'il le fallait que l. a. seule idéologie qui prévaut est l'enrichissement à tout prix.

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Download PDF by U.S. Government,U.S. Military,Department of Defense: Georgia in Perspective - Orientation Guide and Cultural

By U.S. Government,U.S. Military,Department of Defense

This exact advisor produced via the dep. of safety presents accomplished information regarding all points of lifestyles in Georgia, with a unique emphasis on geography, historical past, the economic climate, society, safeguard and army issues, faith, traditions, city and rural existence, ethnic teams, crime, the surroundings, executive, vacations, gender matters and masses more.

CHAPTER 1: GEOGRAPHY * creation * weather * Rivers/Bodies of Water * self sufficient Republics and Disputed areas * significant towns (& inhabitants) * Environmental matters * normal dangers * bankruptcy 2: historical past * creation * twentieth Century * fresh occasions * bankruptcy three: economic climate * advent * Agriculture * and repair Sectors * common assets * Banking and Finance * lifestyle * Employment traits * Public vs. deepest area * Outlook * bankruptcy four: SOCIETY * advent * Ethnic teams and Languages * Languages * faith * food * conventional gown * Gender concerns * Arts * activities and game * bankruptcy five: safeguard * creation * U.S.-Georgia kinfolk * family with Neighboring nations * army * matters Affecting balance * taking a look ahead * bankruptcy 1: PROFILE * creation * Geography * background * govt * Media * financial system * Ethnic teams and Languages * bankruptcy 2: faith * assessment * significant Religions * function of faith in govt * faith in way of life * non secular vacation trips * structures of Worship * habit in areas of Worship * bankruptcy three: TRADITIONS * creation * Formulaic Codes of Politeness * Hospitality and reward Giving * consuming Customs * costume Codes * Non-religious Celebrations * Dos and Don'ts * bankruptcy four: city lifestyles * Urbanization * city paintings concerns * day-by-day city existence * city health and wellbeing Care * schooling * Public locations * city site visitors and Transportation * highway Crime * bankruptcy five: RURAL lifestyles * advent * Land possession * Ethnic Distribution * Rural financial system * Rural Transportation * overall healthiness and schooling * lifestyle within the geographical region * who is dependable * Border Crossings and Checkpoints * Landmines * bankruptcy 6: kin existence * common family and kin constitution * kinfolk tasks and the prestige of girls * Marriage, Divorce, and beginning * relations occasions * Naming Conventions * ultimate tests * additional examining * FOOTNOTES

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By U.S. Government,U.S. Military,Department of Defense

This exact advisor produced via the dep. of safety presents accomplished information regarding all points of lifestyles in Georgia, with a unique emphasis on geography, historical past, the economic climate, society, safeguard and army issues, faith, traditions, city and rural existence, ethnic teams, crime, the surroundings, executive, vacations, gender matters and masses more.

CHAPTER 1: GEOGRAPHY * creation * weather * Rivers/Bodies of Water * self sufficient Republics and Disputed areas * significant towns (& inhabitants) * Environmental matters * normal dangers * bankruptcy 2: historical past * creation * twentieth Century * fresh occasions * bankruptcy three: economic climate * advent * Agriculture * and repair Sectors * common assets * Banking and Finance * lifestyle * Employment traits * Public vs. deepest area * Outlook * bankruptcy four: SOCIETY * advent * Ethnic teams and Languages * Languages * faith * food * conventional gown * Gender concerns * Arts * activities and game * bankruptcy five: safeguard * creation * U.S.-Georgia kinfolk * family with Neighboring nations * army * matters Affecting balance * taking a look ahead * bankruptcy 1: PROFILE * creation * Geography * background * govt * Media * financial system * Ethnic teams and Languages * bankruptcy 2: faith * assessment * significant Religions * function of faith in govt * faith in way of life * non secular vacation trips * structures of Worship * habit in areas of Worship * bankruptcy three: TRADITIONS * creation * Formulaic Codes of Politeness * Hospitality and reward Giving * consuming Customs * costume Codes * Non-religious Celebrations * Dos and Don'ts * bankruptcy four: city lifestyles * Urbanization * city paintings concerns * day-by-day city existence * city health and wellbeing Care * schooling * Public locations * city site visitors and Transportation * highway Crime * bankruptcy five: RURAL lifestyles * advent * Land possession * Ethnic Distribution * Rural financial system * Rural Transportation * overall healthiness and schooling * lifestyle within the geographical region * who is dependable * Border Crossings and Checkpoints * Landmines * bankruptcy 6: kin existence * common family and kin constitution * kinfolk tasks and the prestige of girls * Marriage, Divorce, and beginning * relations occasions * Naming Conventions * ultimate tests * additional examining * FOOTNOTES

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